Earthquake Risks in Turkey
Earthquakes are the most damaging natural disasters and Turkey is under the risk. Turkey is placed a seismically active area between the Eurasian Plate and African- Arabian Plates. The country is mostly on Anatolian Plate and there are two branches of the fault lines. One is North Anatolian Fault and the other is East Anatolian Fault. For sure there are so many areas in Turkey have got earthquake risk but the biggest earthquake risk is in Izmir.
The biggest earthquake risk is in Izmir which is one of the seismically active parts of the Aegean Plate. It is a really complex, active and rapidly changing tectonic area. According to the documents Izmir were destroyed by earthquakes several times in history, in Ad.17, 47, 105, 178 and in the last decade’s 1928, 1949 and 1992.
In Turkey, hazards are highest along the plate. There is an important risk of damaging almost anywhere of the country, however; the biggest earthquake risk is in Izmir. Izmir is a big city, which survived throughout the history of 5000 years and has been often renovated because of the disasters or other factors. It is mostly affected by some natural disasters such as earthquakes, fires, epidemics, etc. According to the statistics in 1668 and 1688 two very big earthquakes occurred in Izmir.
Considering the statistics in 1900s there has been 116 earthquakes over 6 magnitudes in this city. So, the latest one had happened in 1992 with the magnitude of 6.2. Izmir is a constant motion area and there can be new earthquakes in recent times. When we evaluate the numbers in every 30 years an earthquake has occurred over 6 magnitudes. In short, there is no guarantee that such a quake won’t be in the future. Necessary precautions should be taken considering these facts.